The materials on this site are provided for general medical education purposes only and are not meant to be applied rigidly and followed in all cases. Use of this information in a particular situation remains the professional responsibility of the practitioner and is not intended to be a substitute for practical training.

We have taken every care to ensure that the information contained in this website is accurate, complete and kept up-to-date. However, medical knowledge is constantly changing and we cannot guarantee that all of the information is accurate and consistent with current NHS practice.  


We cannot guarantee uninterrupted access to this website, or the sites to which it links. We accept no responsibility for any damages arising from the loss of use of this information.


The content of this website is the copyright of the London Imaging Academies and the individuals who have created and contributed the content unless otherwise stated. Visitors must not copy, distribute, or publish any material from this website. Where documents have been provided in a downloadable format, visitors can download this material for private research, study or in-house use only. This is subject to material being reproduced accurately and not used in a misleading context. Any other use of copyright material requires the formal permission of NHS England and the London Imaging Academy (subject to express permission by the individuals who have contributed the content).

Permission to reproduce London Imaging Academies copyright material does not extend to any material on this site which is identified as being the copyright of a third party. Authorisation to reproduce such material must be obtained from the copyright holders concerned.

We hold no responsibility for alterations made without our consent.


Links from this site to other websites are provided for information and convenience only. We cannot accept responsibility for the sites linked to, or the information found there. A link does not imply an endorsement of a site; likewise, not linking to a particular site does not imply lack of endorsement.